Nano-zerovalent manganese/biochar composite for the adsorptive and oxidative removal of Congo-red dye from aqueous solutions

Source of Publication

Journal of Hazardous Materials


© 2020 Elsevier B.V. Congo-red (CR), a precursor of textile products and a contaminant of great concern, has contaminated aquatic environments. Here, we explored the synthesis of mesoporous nano-zerovalent manganese (nZVMn) and Phoenix dactylifera leaves biochar (PBC) composite for the removal of CR from water. The nZVMn/PBC adsorbed 117.647 mg/g of CR versus 25.316 mg/g by PBC at [CR]0 = 20 mg/L and [PBC]0 = [nZVMn/PBC]0 = 500 mg/L. Variation of [nZVMn/PBC]0, [CR]0 and pH influenced the adsorption of CR. Freundlich adsorption isotherm and pseudo-first-order kinetic models best fitted CR adsorption. The H2O2 coupling with nZVMn/PBC promoted removal of CR possibly due to the formation of hydroxyl radical (●OH) and caused 95 % removal of CR versus 77 % by nZVMn/PBC alone. The ●OH scavengers inhibited the removal of CR. The nZVMn/PBC showed a good reusability and efficient removal of CR up to the seventh cycle of treatment. Results reveal that nZVMn improved performance, thermal stability and reusability of biochar. Degradation products from ●OH-mediated degradation of CR were studied by ultraperformance liquid chromatography with mass spectrometric detector to establish degradation pathways. The ion-chromatographic analysis showed the formation of non-toxic inorganic acetate product, which suggests high potential of the newly fabricated adsorbent in the removal of CR.

Document Type


Publication Date