Nano-zerovalent manganese/biochar composite for the adsorptive and oxidative removal of Congo-red dye from aqueous solutions
Source of Publication
Journal of Hazardous Materials
© 2020 Elsevier B.V. Congo-red (CR), a precursor of textile products and a contaminant of great concern, has contaminated aquatic environments. Here, we explored the synthesis of mesoporous nano-zerovalent manganese (nZVMn) and Phoenix dactylifera leaves biochar (PBC) composite for the removal of CR from water. The nZVMn/PBC adsorbed 117.647 mg/g of CR versus 25.316 mg/g by PBC at [CR]0 = 20 mg/L and [PBC]0 = [nZVMn/PBC]0 = 500 mg/L. Variation of [nZVMn/PBC]0, [CR]0 and pH influenced the adsorption of CR. Freundlich adsorption isotherm and pseudo-first-order kinetic models best fitted CR adsorption. The H2O2 coupling with nZVMn/PBC promoted removal of CR possibly due to the formation of hydroxyl radical (●OH) and caused 95 % removal of CR versus 77 % by nZVMn/PBC alone. The ●OH scavengers inhibited the removal of CR. The nZVMn/PBC showed a good reusability and efficient removal of CR up to the seventh cycle of treatment. Results reveal that nZVMn improved performance, thermal stability and reusability of biochar. Degradation products from ●OH-mediated degradation of CR were studied by ultraperformance liquid chromatography with mass spectrometric detector to establish degradation pathways. The ion-chromatographic analysis showed the formation of non-toxic inorganic acetate product, which suggests high potential of the newly fabricated adsorbent in the removal of CR.
Iqbal, Jibran; Shah, Noor S.; Sayed, Murtaza; Niazi, Nabeel Khan; Imran, Muhammad; Khan, Javed Ali; Khan, Zia Ul Haq; Hussien, Aseel Gamal Suliman; Polychronopoulou, Kyriaki; and Howari, Fares, "Nano-zerovalent manganese/biochar composite for the adsorptive and oxidative removal of Congo-red dye from aqueous solutions" (2021). Scopus Indexed Articles. 1.