Assessment of initiation of breastfeeding practice in Kassala, Eastern Sudan: A community-based study

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International Breastfeeding Journal


© 2018 The Author(s). Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) encourages early initiation of breastfeeding within the first hour after birth with the objective of saving children's lives. There are few published research papers about factors associated with the initiation of breastfeeding in Sudan. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of and factors associated with the timely initiation of breastfeeding among mothers with children two years and under in Kassala, Eastern Sudan. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2016 to March 2017. Mothers were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Results: A total of 250 mother-child pairs participated in the study. The mean (standard deviation) of maternal age and children's age was 27.1 (5.68) years and 11.9 (6.9) months, respectively. Of the 250 mothers, 218 (87.2%) initiated breastfeeding within the first hour. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, factors associated with the delay of breastfeeding initiation were having a male baby (Adjusted Odds Ratio [AOR] 3.90, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]1.33, 11.47), and mothers with medical disorders (AOR 5.07, 95% CI 1.22, 21.16). Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of early initiation of breastfeeding. An association with delayed initiation of breastfeeding was found amongst mothers who had medical disorders and those who had a male infant. Wherever possible, early initiation of breastfeeding should be promoted for all infants, regardless of gender.

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