Gender premium and economic downswings
Source of Publication
Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance
© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Using data of 2140 US firms over the period of 1998–2012, we investigate if gender–compensation relationship exists in executives’ compensation and bonus plans of the US firms; and whether this compensation difference is more visible during economic downswings. We find that not only the gender premium exists for male CEOs in executives’ compensation plans of the US companies but also the male executive bonuses are more sensitive to market downturns compared to their female counterparts. On average, female executives get a gender disadvantage in the form of lower total compensation and bonuses compared to their male counterparts, which persists even during adverse economic conditions. Finally, contrary to our initial expectations, we find male and female CEOs are equally likely to be laid-off, even during market recessions, despite female CEOs being claimed better manager by the mainstream literature.
Shehu, Elona; Shahzad, Khurram; Rubbaniy, Ghulame; and Perveen, Abida, "Gender premium and economic downswings" (2017). Scopus Indexed Articles. 1323.