Aging and the optimal viewing position effect in visual word recognition: Evidence from English
Source of Publication
Psychology and Aging
© 2017 The Author(s). Words are recognized most efficiently by young adults when fixated at an optimal viewing position (OVP), which for English is between a word's beginning and middle letters. How this OVP effect changes with age is unknown but may differ for older adults due to visual declines in later life. Accordingly, a lexical decision experiment was conducted in which short (5-letter) and long (9-letter) words were fixated at various letter positions. The older adults produced slower responses. But, crucially, effects of fixation location for each word-length did not differ substantially across age groups, indicating that OVP effects are preserved in older age.
Li, Lin; Li, Sha; Wang, Jingxin; McGowan, Victoria A.; Liu, Pingping; Jordan, Timothy R.; and Paterson, Kevin B., "Aging and the optimal viewing position effect in visual word recognition: Evidence from English" (2017). Scopus Indexed Articles. 1326.