Guaranteed lifetime protocol for IoT based wireless sensor networks with multiple constraints

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Ad Hoc Networks


© 2020 Elsevier B.V. Over the past two decades, the subject of extension of the lifetime of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) based on the Internet of Things (IoT) has been thoroughly investigated by researcher. As WSN, and its new form based on IoT, are increasingly being deployed in time-critical applications, users require certain network lifetime guarantees to satisfy application requirements. Few research efforts in the past have focused on guaranteeing the IoT-based network lifetime. Most such efforts pay little or no attention to other network performance indicators such as sensing coverage and network connectivity. To address this challenge, this work proposes a new centralized approach that analyzes a network's energy consumption to optimize node duty cycles. In the proposed scheme, the sink node periodically assigns an active/sleep role to each node for the next network cycle by coupling the residual energy, total active time, and possible coverage area to guarantee their lifetimes. We show through extensive simulation that the proposed guaranteed lifetime protocol achieves less average end-to-end delay and better packet delivery ratio when compared to its best rival protocols formulated in past research, i.e., the CERACC, A-Mac, and Coverage Preserving protocols.

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