Title

Local sustainable development: Local Agenda 21 for Egypt and the Arab countries

Source of Publication

World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development

Abstract

© Copyright 2016 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Evidence suggests that a growing number of countries are becoming more environmentally aware through adopting sustainable development (SD). Many are focusing on bottom-up methodology in targeting SD by forming LA21. The study identifies the challenges and potentials facing the Arab states in LA21 activation using SWOT analysis. Additionally, the study tests the local communities' readiness to apply bottom-up SD in Egypt, by adopting lack-gap-mismatch (LGM). The paper concludes some policies to help Arab countries moving forward such as; launching a national campaign for LA21, enhancing decentralisation, working on capacity building, more engagement in the international organisations, adopting decentralised environmental management, more vertical and horizontal communication and supporting the role of education in changing citizens' behavior. The Egyptian case shows some internal strength points that enable LA21 development if the prerequisites are fulfilled, through applying three categories of actions; exogenous to local authority, within the interaction between local authority and local citizens and internal to the local authority.

Document Type

Article

First Page

219

Last Page

243

Publication Date

1-1-2016

DOI

10.1504/WRSTSD.2016.078413

Author First name, Last name, Institution

Suzanna El Massah, Cairo University

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