Title

Depressive rumination and experiential avoidance: A task based exploration

Source of Publication

Personality and Mental Health

Abstract

© 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Depressive rumination has been conceptualized as being closely connected with experiential avoidance. Evidence supporting this hypothesis derives primarily from studies using self-report measures. The present study explores this idea using a task-based assessment of avoidance. College students (N=100) rated their emotional responses to 60 computer-presented images (positive, negative and neutral). Response times for the image-rating task were surreptitiously recorded, along with Ruminative Response Scale and Beck Depression Inventory II scores. Rumination was correlated with faster response times for negative, but not positive or neutral images. These findings are interpreted as lending support to the experiential avoidance conceptualization of rumination; however, consideration is also given to a potentially synergistic interpretation implicating heightened threat monitoring.

Document Type

Article

First Page

58

Last Page

65

Publication Date

1-1-2015

DOI

10.1002/pmh.1276

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