Title

Directive versus empowering leadership: A field experiment comparing impacts on task proficiency and proactivity

Source of Publication

Academy of Management Journal

Abstract

Using a field experiment in the United Arab Emirates, we compared the impacts of directive and empowering leadership on customer-rated core task proficiency and proactive behaviors. Results of tests for main effects demonstrated that both directive and empowering leadership increased work unit core task proficiency, but only empowering leadership increased proactive behaviors. Examination of boundary conditions revealed that directive leadership enhanced proactive behaviors for work units that were highly satisfied with their leaders, whereas empowering leadership had stronger effects on both core task proficiency and proactive behaviors for work units that were less satisfied with their leaders. We discuss implications for both theory and practice. © Academy of Management Journal.

Document Type

Article

First Page

1372

Last Page

1395

Publication Date

10-1-2013

DOI

10.5465/amj.2011.0113

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