Role of outer membrane permeability, efflux mechanism, and carbapenemases in carbapenem-nonsusceptible Pseudomonas aeruginosa from Dubai hospitals: Results of the first cross-sectional survey

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International Journal of Infectious Diseases


© 2019 The Authors Objectives: Carbapenem resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa is growing and results from variable mechanisms. The objectives of the current study were to investigate mechanisms of carbapenem resistance and genetic relatedness of P. aeruginosa isolates recovered in Dubai hospitals. Methods: From June 2015 through June 2016, carbapenem-nonsusceptible P. aeruginosa were collected from 4 hospitals in Dubai, and subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing, molecular investigation of carbapenemases by PCR-sequencing, analysis of outer membrane porin OprD2 and multidrug efflux channel MexAB-OprM levels by qPCR, and fingerprinting by ERIC-PCR. Results: Out of 1969 P. aeruginosa isolated during the study period, 471 (23.9%) showed reduced carbapenem susceptibility. Of these, 37 were analyzed and 32% of them produced VIM-type metallo-β-lactamases, including VIM-2, VIM-30, VIM-31, and VIM-42, while GES-5 and GES-9 co-existed with VIM in 5.4% of isolates. Outer membrane impermeability was observed in 73% of isolates and 75.6% displayed overproduced MexAB-OprM. ERIC-PCR revealed one large clone including most carbapenemase-producing isolates indicating clonal dissemination. Conclusion: This is the first study on carbapenem-nonsusceptible P. aeruginosa from Dubai, incriminating VIM production as well as outer membrane permeability and efflux systems as resistance mechanisms. Further studies on carbapenem-nonsusceptible P. aeruginosa in Dubai are warranted for containment of such health hazard.

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