Radiomic-based framework for early diagnosis of lung cancer
Source of Publication
Proceedings - International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging
© 2019 IEEE. This paper proposes a new framework for pulmonary nodule diagnosis using radiomic features extracted from a single computed tomography (CT) scan. The proposed framework integrates appearance and shape features to get a precise diagnosis for the extracted lung nodules. The appearance features are modeled using 3D Histogram of Oriented Gradient (HOG) and higher-order Markov Gibbs random field (MGRF) model because of their ability to describe the spatial non-uniformity in the texture of the nodule regardless of its size. The shape features are modeled using Spherical Harmonic expansion and some basic geometric features in order to have a full description of the shape complexity of the nodules. Finally, all the modeled features are fused and fed to a stacked autoencoder to differentiate between the malignant and benign nodules. Our framework is evaluated using 727 nodules which are selected from the Lung Image Database Consortium (LIDC) dataset, and achieved classification accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 93.12%, 92.47%, and 93.60% respectively.
Shaffie, Ahmed; Soliman, Ahmed; Khalifeh, Hadil Abu; Ghazal, Mohammed; Taher, Fatma; Elmaghraby, Adel; Keynton, Robert; and El-Baz, Ayman, "Radiomic-based framework for early diagnosis of lung cancer" (2019). Scopus Indexed Articles. 703.