The unprecedented ease of global mobility allows individuals to transcend national boundaries and develop intimate understanding of cultures other than their own. Anecdotally, those individuals might be expatriates on international assignments, citizens who are minorities in their own countries (e.g., United Arab Emirates), or colloquial third culture kids – perpetual global nomads who might ascribe little value to their identity as citizens of their own passport country. Academically, those individuals can be termed as bicultural or cultural hybrids, nomenclature which brings attention to this fusion of multiple identities. The resulting internalization of values, attitudes, and perceptions emerging from dynamic cultural mixing has been attributed to increased coexistence of multiple identities or self-perceptions among such individuals (Hermans & Kempen, 1998; Tweed, Conway, & Ryder, 1999; Gurin, Hurtado, & Peng, 1994; Phinney, 1990, 1991; Sellers, Smith, Shelton, Rowley, & Chavous, 1998; Brewer, 1991; Turner, Hogg, Oakes, Reicher, & Wetherell, 1987).

Document Type



Zayed University

Publication Date


Author First name, Last name, Institution

Stijn Decoster
Maja Graso
Emily David
Jeroen Camps