Career decision-making is one of the most challenging tasks that college students will face. Based on Social Cognitive Career Theory, this descriptive study employed the Career Development Self-Efficacy Scale Short Form (CDSE-SF) and a focus group to examine the perceptions Emirati female students hold about their ability to make decisions regarding their career choices. Undergraduate students (n=233) from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) participated in this study. The results indicated no significant difference in the students career decision-making self-efficacy (CDSE) whether they attended private or public high school, nor were their significant differences based on family involvement. Data also indicated that there were no significant differences in these students CDSE versus other college students around the world. Through the utilization of a focus group, we found that friends and family are the biggest influence in the career decision-making process for many students. However we found that family members often serve as obstacles to this process for many students as they may have negative stereotypes regarding some majors. Themes from the focus group also revealed that friends and introductory courses helped to increase CDSE.

Document Type



Zayed University

Publication Date


Author First name, Last name, Institution

Lavious Daniels
JR Ratliff