Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Journal of Environmental and Public Health

Publication Date

1-1-2015

Abstract

Copyright © 2015 Rania Dghaim et al. Herbs are extensively consumed in the United Arab Emirates for their flavoring and medicinal properties. This study aimed at determining the concentration of heavy metals in selected traditional herbs consumed in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). A total of 81 samples of seven herbs, parsley (Petroselinumcrispum), basil (Ocimum basilicum), sage (Salvia officinalis), oregano (Origanum vulgare), mint (Mentha spicata), thyme (Thymus vulgaris), and chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla), were purchased from the local market in Dubai and analyzed for their cadmium, lead, copper, iron, and zinc contents. Microwave-assisted digestion was applied for the dissolution of the samples and heavy metals concentration was determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS). Metals were found to be present in varied concentrations in the herb samples.The concentration ranges were found as follows: less than 0.1-1.11mg.kg-1 for cadmium, less than 1.0-23.52mg.kg-1 for lead, 1.44-156.24mg.kg-1 for copper, 12.65-146.67mg.kg-1 for zinc, and 81.25-1101.22mg.kg-1 for iron. The findings of the study suggest that most of the analyzed herbs contained unsafe levels of heavy metals that exceeded theWorld Health Organization (WHO) permissible limits (PL).

ISSN

1687-9805

Publisher

Hindawi Publishing Corporation

Volume

2015

First Page

973878

Last Page

973878

Disciplines

Life Sciences

Keywords

cadmium; copper; heavy metal; iron; lead; zinc; heavy metal; pollutant; analytic method; Article; atomic absorption spectrometry; basil; dissolution; drug determination; herb; herbal medicine; Matricaria chamomilla; maximum permissible dose; Mentha spicata; microwave assisted digestion; microwave radiation; nonhuman; oregano; parsley; priority journal; Salvia officinalis; thyme; United Arab Emirates; analysis; chemistry; food analysis; medicinal plant; pollutant; Matricaria chamomilla; Mentha; Mentha spicata; Ocimum; Ocimum basilicum; Origanum; Origanum vulgare; Petroselinum crispum; Salvia officinalis; Thymus vulgaris; Environmental Pollutants; Food Analysis; Metals, Heavy; Plants, Medicinal; Spectrophotometry, Atomic; United Arab Emirates

Scopus ID

84929379550

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

yes

Open Access Type

Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series

Included in

Life Sciences Commons

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