Experimental and theoretical studies of Rhodamine B direct dye sorption onto clay-cellulose composite

Document Type


Source of Publication

Journal of Molecular Liquids

Publication Date



Dyes are one of the main water pollutants and many biological and environmental problems are associated with them. Rhodamine B (RhB) is one of the most commonly used dye in the textile, printing, paints, and paper industry. The present work reports the sorptive removal of Rhodamine B direct dye from wastewater onto developed cellulose and clay composites. Sorbent material cellulose (48 g) was extracted from 80 g of bagasse. Then cellulose and two types of acid-activated clays were used to make efficient sorbent namely, composite I and II. Various characterization techniques were used to study the physiochemical properties of the synthesized composites. Different sorption affecting parameters were optimized such as initial dye concentration, time, temperature, pH, and composite dose for the efficient sorption of RhB onto composites. Equilibrium time was 60 min for composite-I and 80 min for composite-II Non-linear equilibrium isotherm and kinetic models demonstrated the fitness of Pseudo-second order and Redlich-Peterson isotherm. Composite-I and II removed 85.9% and 95.6% of RhB at pH 2 in 120 min, respectively. The sorption efficiency was checked, and sorbents were applied to real textile effluent which showed promising removal efficiency of over 90%. To confirm the experimental results, computational optimization and vibrational calculations were carried out using the Gaussian 09 program package with 3–21 G, 6–311 G, and 6–311+G basic sets. Geometric parameters showed the planar geometry. In the case of FTIR spectra, fundamental ring vibrations were observed with C-H and C-C. This study suggests that the developed composites have exceptional sorption ability to remove the dye contents from aqueous media.




Elsevier B.V.



First Page



Computer Sciences


Cellulose; Efficiency; Effluents; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; Geometry; Isotherms; Paper and pulp industry; Rhodium compounds; Software packages; Sorption; Textile industry; Textiles; Water pollution; Cellulose composites; Characterization techniques; Computational optimization; Environmental problems; Initial dye concentration; Physio-chemical properties; Redlich-Peterson isotherms; Vibrational calculations; Rhodamine B; Cellulose; Efficiency; Effluents; Geometry; Isotherms; Rhodium Compounds

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Indexed in Scopus


Open Access