Author First name, Last name, Institution

Nada Salhab
Mirey Karavetian
Jeroen Kooman
Enrico Fiaccadori

Document Type


Source of Publication

Arab Journal of Nutrition and Exercise (AJNE)

Publication Date



Aim: Intradialytic exercise (IDE) improves hyperphosphatemia management in hemodialysis (HD) patient in addition to other clinical outcomes. The aim of the study is to present the strategies needed to integrate such a protocol in an HD unit in UAE and patients’ baseline characteristics. Methods: The largest HD unit in Sharjah emirate was chosen. All eligible patients (n=57) in the unit were included. Patients were stable adults HD patients who served as their own controls. The intervention included an aerobic low intensity IDE of 45 minutes per HD session, tailored to each patient’s fitness scale (BORG scale) for 6 months. Patients were educated on the importance of exercise. Outcome measures were barriers to exercise, serum phosphorus (P), urea reduction ratio (URR), malnutrition inflammation score, quality of life (QOL using euroqol5) collected at baseline and post intervention. Results: A total of 41 patients completed the study, 61% were males; 90.2%, 53.7% and 14.6% suffered from hypertension, diabetes and cardiovascular disease respectively. Hypherphosphatemia was prevalent among 75% of the patients with a mean of 5.76 ± 1.66 mg/dl. Mean age was 48 ± 14.37 years, BMI 24.98 ± 6.09 kg/m 2 , URR 71.88 ± 8.52%, and Kt/v 1.32 ± 1.09. The main barrier to exercise was identified to be fatigue on HD days by 58.5% of patients, followed by fear of getting hurt (36.6%). Finally, 80.4% of patients were mildly malnourished and QOL scale was 65.02% ± 18.54. Conclusion: Our study highlighted the widespread of hyperphosphatemia and malnutrition in our sample. The IDE regimen, if proven effective in future studies, could be integrated in the routine practice and may improve patients’ outcomes.




Knowledge E



First Page


Last Page



Medicine and Health Sciences

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Indexed in Scopus


Open Access


Open Access Type

Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series