Title

Posttraumatic stress reactions following burglary: The role of coping and personality

Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Traumatology

Publication Date

1-1-2014

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the extent of posttraumatic stress reactions and psychiatric comorbidity following burglary and whether personality traits and coping strategies would relate to outcomes. One hundred twenty-five victims of burglary participated in the study. In addition to reporting information on their personal experiences of burglary, victims completed the Impact of Event Scale, the General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28), the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-R Short Scale, and the Ways of Coping Checklist. As a group, victims of burglary reported posttraumatic stress symptoms at a medium level of severity, while 41% met the cutoff for the high level of severity. Thirty-eight percent scored above the cutoff for the GHQ-28. Controlling for the characteristics of burglary, neuroticism related only to psychiatric comorbidity. Psychoticism buffered against the effects of both posttraumatic stress and psychiatric outcomes. Low scores on extraversion related to posttraumatic stress. Emotion-focused coping strategies related to both outcomes, while problem-focused coping buffered against the effect of psychiatric comorbid symptoms. No mediational relationships were found between personality traits, coping strategies, and outcomes. Victims of burglary can experience posttraumatic stress reactions associated with burglary and a range of other psychiatric symptoms. Personality traits of psychoticism, extraversion, and neuroticism influence outcomes in unique ways. Emotion-focused coping is not seemingly helpful in coping with the effects of burglary. © 2014 American Psychological Association.

ISSN

1085-9373

Publisher

SAGE Publications Ltd

Volume

20

Issue

2

First Page

65

Last Page

74

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences | Social and Behavioral Sciences

Keywords

burglary, emotion-focused coping, personality traits, posttraumatic stress, problem-focused coping

Scopus ID

84902118846

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

no

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