Title

Preparation of cellulosic Ag-nanocomposites using an ionic liquid

Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition

Publication Date

6-13-2019

Abstract

© 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Cellulose-based nanocomposites have gained much attention due to their remarkable biological properties such as biodegradability, biocompatibility, and low toxicity. In this research work, 1-h-3-methylimidazolium hydrogen sulfate ionic liquid was employed as an efficient solvent for preparation of cellulosic Ag-nanocomposites (CRC/AgNPs composite) from Neem plant. Ionic liquid plays a dual role in obtaining cellulose-rich compound (CRC; removing lignin and hemicellulose components) and plant’s extract (phenolic compounds such as flavonoids, tannins, etc.) that reduces the AgNO 3 into AgNPs for preparation of CRC/AgNPs composite. The prepared CRC/AgNPs composite was characterized using XRD, FTIR and SEM techniques. The XRD and FTIR spectral analysis showed the characteristic peaks assigned to cellulosic constituent and AgNPs. SEM analysis revealed the particles in the range from 26 to 56 nm. The CRC/AgNPs composite was evaluated for its antibacterial and mechanical properties. The antibacterial activity against S. aureus and E. coli for CRC/AgNPs composite was observed in comparison to CRC. Cell viability and morphology were performed on MC3T3-E1 cells which showed no as such toxicity for the prepared CRC/AgNPs composite. Moreover, the addition of CRC/AgNPs composite as a filler increased the compression strength of polymeric materials.

ISSN

0920-5063

Publisher

Taylor and Francis Inc.

Volume

30

Issue

9

First Page

785

Last Page

796

Disciplines

Life Sciences

Keywords

Biological activities, CRC/AgNPs composite, filling materials, ionic liquid, neem plant

Scopus ID

85065095718

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

no

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