SHORT VIEWS ON THE GLOBAL EFFORTS ABOUT PROTECTION OF HUMAN ENVIRONMENT (1960S "“ 2012)
The need for the protection of human environment can be legitimately described as the international objective of primary importance. The protection of environment through global and collective efforts constitutes one of the major areas of activity in contemporary times. The deterioration of environment due to unprincipled use of natural resources has given rise to the need for regulation of behavior of nations at international level, both for prevention of future deterioration as well as the adoption of eco-friendly technologies of daily use. This concept of protection, involves an attempt to prevent global environment degradation. One of the accepted rule of international law that, no state should act in a manner or permit the use of its territory which can be injurious to other states. Hence, it is well within the scope of international law to enact rules for the protection of environment by all the states individually as well as collectively. In fact, it was in 1960s that the humankind began becoming conscious of the need to adopt a convention of human environment. On 3rd December, 1968, the UN General Assembly passed a resolution favoring an international conference on the human environment.