Author First name, Last name, Institution

Hamdy A. Hassan, Zayed University

ORCID Identifiers

0000-0003-1930-9561

Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Religions

Publication Date

12-1-2020

Abstract

© 2020 by the author. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. In the nineteenth century, African Muslim societies were marked by the emergence of a reformist Sufi Islamic discourse aimed at changing and moving away from traditional Islamic practices. Although this discourse was influenced, to some extent, by external sources of inspiration, it was linked to the local African context. This study demonstrates that the reformist discourse of major Sufi figures such as Sheikh Amadu Bamba in Senegal and Sheikh Usman Dan Fodio in Nigeria reflects a number of common features of Islamic reform in Africa, yet their reform programs were shaped by the conditions of the local context. This research contribution aims to understand the actual role that the discourse of Sufi spirituality played—and still does—in the religious, economic, and political life of Muslim societies in Africa. This study has shown that despite the prevailing belief that Sufi discourse does not tend to politicize as it tries to maintain a safe distance away from matters of politics and governance in order to achieve its message of moral and spiritual purity, it may turn into violent radicalism as embodied by the jihadist Sufi experience in West Africa.

ISSN

2077-1444

Publisher

MDPI AG

Volume

11

Issue

12

First Page

1

Last Page

16

Disciplines

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Keywords

Amadu Bamba, Caliphate, Islamic discourse, Jihad, Muridiyya order, Sufism, Usman Dan Fodio

Scopus ID

85097226371

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

yes

Open Access Type

Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series

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