Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

IEEE Access

Publication Date

1-1-2020

Abstract

© 2013 IEEE. Analyzing cerebrovascular changes can significantly lead to not only detecting the presence of serious diseases e.g., hypertension and dementia, but also tracking their progress. Such analysis could be better performed using Time-of-Flight Magnetic Resonance Angiography (ToF-MRA) images, but this requires accurate segmentation of the cerebral vasculature from the surroundings. To achieve this goal, we propose a fully automated cerebral vasculature segmentation approach based on extracting both prior and current appearance features that have the ability to capture the appearance of macro and micro-vessels in ToF-MRA. The appearance prior is modeled with a novel translation and rotation invariant Markov-Gibbs Random Field (MGRF) of voxel intensities with pairwise interaction analytically identified from a set of training data sets. The appearance of the cerebral vasculature is also represented with a marginal probability distribution of voxel intensities by using a Linear Combination of Discrete Gaussians (LCDG) that its parameters are estimated by using a modified Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm. The extracted appearance features are separable and can be classified by any classifier, as demonstrated by our segmentation results. To validate the accuracy of our algorithm, we tested the proposed approach on in-vivo data using 270 data sets, which were qualitatively validated by a neuroradiology expert. The results were quantitatively validated using the three commonly used metrics for segmentation evaluation: the Dice coefficient, the modified Hausdorff distance, and the absolute volume difference. The proposed approach showed a higher accuracy compared to two of the existing segmentation approaches.

ISSN

2169-3536

Publisher

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

Volume

8

First Page

96139

Last Page

96149

Disciplines

Computer Sciences

Keywords

Cerebrovascular, segmentation, TOF-MRA

Scopus ID

85086048000

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

yes

Open Access Type

Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series

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