Ionic liquid functionalized nano-zerovalent cerium for catalytic degradation of carbamazepine and colorimetric sensing of H2O2
Source of Publication
Journal of Water Process Engineering
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd This study reported the chemical reduction method based synthesis of ionic liquid (IL) functionalized nano-zerovalent cerium (nZVCe) for the degradation of carbamazepine (CBZ) and colorimetric detection of H2O2. Carbamazepine is an important class of emerging water pollutants while H2O2 is produced as a major by-product by living organisms during metabolism. The synthesized IL-nZVCe showed high efficiency towards CBZ degradation and H2O2 detection. The use of advanced characterization techniques showed the prepared material to be highly crystalline and of high surface area, i.e., 85 m2/g. The IL-nZVCe caused 56% removal of CBZ, however, the use of H2O2 and IL-nZVCe promoted the removal of CBZ to 85% under 80 min treatment time using [IL-nZVCe]0, [CBZ]0 and [H2O2]0 as 0.5 g/L, 10 mg/L and 40 mg/L, respectively. IL-nZVCe/H2O2 yielded ●OH which showed high reactivity of 5.40 × 109 (M s)–1 with CBZ and played active role in CBZ degradation. Removal of CBZ was inhibited in the presence of ●OH scavengers. The IL-nZVCe/H2O2–mediated removal of CBZ was promoted under the conditions of high [H2O2]0, high [IL-nZVCe]0 and low [CBZ]0. IL-nZVCe/H2O2 was also highly effective in TOC removal of CBZ. The IL-nZVCe showed high reusability than nZVCe. The acute and chronic toxicities of CBZ degradation products identified by LC–MS analysis were estimated. The conversion of CBZ into non-toxic acetate suggests high potential of the IL-nZVCe/H2O2 into remediation and detoxification of CBZ.
Civil and Environmental Engineering
Carbamazepine, H O 2 2, Ionic liquid, Peroxidase-like activity, Water treatment, Zerovalent cerium
Shah, Noor S.; Iqbal, Jibran; Sayed, Murtaza; Rauf, Sajid; Albaqami, Munirah D.; Khan, Javed Ali; Khan, Zia Ul Haq; Rehman, Faiza; Khan, Ajmal; Naseem, Muhammad; and Hashmi, Aleena Imtiaz, "Ionic liquid functionalized nano-zerovalent cerium for catalytic degradation of carbamazepine and colorimetric sensing of H2O2" (2021). All Works. 4050.
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