The study of removal chromium (VI) ions from aqueous solution by bimetallic ZnO/FeO nanocomposite with Siltstone: Isotherm, kinetics and reusability
Source of Publication
Inorganic Chemistry Communications
In this study, nanocomposites of Baghanwala Siltstone (BSS) with ZnO (BSS/ZnO), FeO (BSS/FeO), and BSS/ZnO/FeO were successfully prepared for the removal of hexavalent chromium [(Cr (VI)] from aqueous solutions via a batch adsorption process. The characterization studies by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and scanning electron microscopy-energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX) found successful synthesis of the composites and demonstrated the occurrence of different active functional groups that played an active role in Cr ion adsorption. The effect of Cr initial concentrations (25–100 mg/L), adsorbent dose (0.5–2 g/L), pH (2–8), and contact time (0–160 min) on Cr remediation from contaminated water was examined. The order of Cr ion removal was BSS/ZnO/FeO (77–87%) > BSS/ZnO (74–83%) > BSS/FeO (71–77%) > BSS (68–74%). The as-synthesized BSS/ZnO/FeO led to successful Cr removal (87%) at a 25 mg/L Cr concentration at pH 4.0. The Cr ion adsorption by the BSS/ZnO/FeO nanocomposite was well explained by the Langmuir adsorption isotherm model (R2 > 0.99), while the kinetic experimental data was well fitted with the pseudo-second-order model (R2 > 0.99). Among the as-synthesized adsorbents, the BSS/ZnO/FeO nanocomposite showed excellent stability and reusability in seven sorption cycles. The results showed that the as-synthesized BSS/ZnO/FeO nanocomposite had the greatest adsorption potential for removing Cr ions from contaminated water.
Chromium (VI) ions, Bimetallic ZnO/FeO nanocomposite, Siltstone, Isotherm, Kinetics
Murtaza, Behzad; Bilal, Sana; Imran, Muhammad; Shah, Noor S.; Shahid, Muhammad; Iqbal, Jibran; Khan, Zia Ul Haq; Ahmad, Naveed; Al-Kahtani, Abdullah A.; ALOthman, Zeid A.; and Farooq, Umar, "The study of removal chromium (VI) ions from aqueous solution by bimetallic ZnO/FeO nanocomposite with Siltstone: Isotherm, kinetics and reusability" (2023). All Works. 5884.
Indexed in Scopus