Title

Chapter 12 Groundwater scarcity in the Middle East

Author First name, Last name, Institution

Ahmed A. Al-Taani
Yousef Nazzal
Fares M. Howari

Document Type

Book Chapter

Source of Publication

Global Groundwater

Publication Date

1-1-2021

Abstract

The lack of natural water supplies in the Middle East and North Africa region is fundamentally a crucial constraint on socioeconomic growth, development, and stability. This is the most water-scarce region in the world. The present chapter provides insights into the problem and evaluates the drivers of this challenge and the multi impacts on the regional water scarcity. It also discusses the current use and future trends in water resources, including water-quality issues. It explores selected mitigation measures with potentially high applicability in the region. These measures include a range of sustainable water productions such as desalination, treated wastewater reuse, rainwater harvesting, and artificial aquifer recharge. Case studies of shared river basins, groundwater from the region, and its associated challenges and opportunities were also presented.

Publisher

Elsevier

First Page

163

Last Page

175

Disciplines

Earth Sciences | Environmental Engineering | Environmental Sciences | Geography

Indexed in Scopus

no

Open Access

no

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