Curriculum Design for Performance-based Instruction in English Language Education

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Ronald L. Brown

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Performance-based instruction is based on the principle that teaching and assessment decisions should be guided by the performance of each student rather than solely by completion of assignments and examination scores within a specified time frame. In language teaching, this principle requires students to demonstrate their proficiency in authentic ways that the teacher can both observe and evaluate. In performance-based instruction, the focus of teaching and learning changes from "knowing" to "applying," and teaching, assessment, evaluation, and reporting are oriented around the demonstration of learning. Although class assignments and examinations are not disregarded, teachers develop assessment procedures around a clear set of content and conceptual outcomes and standards, and organize teaching practices by emphasizing what students are able to do with what they learn. Therefore, assignments and examination results are integrated with demonstrations of learning through portfolios in order to provide a holistic assessment and evaluation procedure. This paper first defines and describes the principles of performance-based instruction and assessment, then discusses the development of language curriculum that incorporates performance-based principles to language education.


Computer Sciences | Education

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