Title

Effect of gold and iron nanoparticles on photocatalytic behaviour of titanium dioxide towards 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ionic liquid

Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Journal of Molecular Liquids

Publication Date

10-1-2019

Abstract

© 2019 Elsevier B.V. The high water solubility, chemical stability and low volatility of ionic liquids (ILs) have made them potentially persistent than conventional pollutants and toxic to the aquatic organisms. Therefore, extensive research efforts are being directed with an aim to develop cheap and efficient protocols to reduce the uncontrolled release of ILs in the environment. In the same line of action, titanium dioxide (TiO2) loaded with gold and iron nanoparticles were trialled for the photocatalytic degradation of highly concentrated 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride [BmimCl] ionic liquid. Furthermore, results pertaining to the degradation of the [BmimCl] using TiO2 loaded with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were compared with results obtained by using TiO2 loaded with Fe (NO3)3.9H2O and pristine TiO2 under same set of conditions. It was found that TiO2 decorated AuNPs demonstrated 7 times higher photocatalytic degradation for highly concentrated [BmimCl] in 60 min of reaction time in comparison to the pristine TiO2. Congruently, investigations also revealed that TiO2 loaded AuNPs expressed 3.3 times higher photocatalytic degradation of [BmimCl] in comparison to conventional photocatalyst TiO2@Fe under same reaction conditions. The higher photocatalytic performance associated with TiO2 loaded AuNPs was due to the enhanced Schottky barrier, which could have minimized the photocharge carrier resistance separation and migration. The mechanism for photocatalytic degradation of [BmimCl] using TiO2 loaded AuNPs has been also been described.

ISSN

0167-7322

Publisher

Elsevier B.V.

Volume

291

First Page

111277

Disciplines

Life Sciences

Keywords

Degradation mechanism, Gold nanoparticles, Ionic liquid, Photocatalytic degradation, Titanium dioxide

Scopus ID

85068411504

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

no

Share

COinS