Title

Effects of Contextual Information on Seeing Pareidolic Religious Inscriptions on an Artifact: Implications for the Shroud of Turin

Author First name, Last name, Institution

Mercedes Sheen, Zayed University
Timothy R. Jordan, Zayed University

Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Perception

Publication Date

1-1-2015

Abstract

© 2015, © The Author(s) 2015. Several reports suggest that images of the Shroud of Turin contain faint religious inscriptions that support the view that the Shroud has special religious significance. Against this background, we investigated effects of contextual information on detecting religious inscriptions using an image of plain modern linen with no religious provenance and containing no writing. The image was viewed in three contexts: In the Neutral Context, participants were told that the image was of a simple piece of linen; in the Religious Context, participants were told that the image was of an important religious artifact; and in the Religious Context + Options condition, participants were also given plausible word options. Very few words were detected in the Neutral Context, significantly more in the Religious Context, and most in the Religious Context+Options condition. Some implications of these findings for reports of inscriptions in the context-laden conditions surrounding the Shroud of Turin are discussed.

ISSN

0301-0066

Publisher

SAGE Publications Ltd

Volume

44

Issue

12

First Page

1427

Last Page

1430

Disciplines

Life Sciences

Keywords

context, expectation, illusory perception, pareidolia, Shroud of Turin

Scopus ID

84948658773

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

no

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