Title

Effects of Energetic Solar Emissions on the Earth–Ionosphere Cavity of Schumann Resonances

Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Surveys in Geophysics

Publication Date

7-1-2016

Abstract

© 2016, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Schumann resonances (SR) are the electromagnetic oscillations of the spherical cavity bounded by the electrically conductive Earth and the conductive but dissipative lower ionosphere (Schumann in Z Naturforsch A 7:6627–6628, 1952). Energetic emissions from the Sun can exert a varied influence on the various parameters of the Earth’s SR: modal frequencies, amplitudes and dissipation parameters. The SR response at multiple receiving stations is considered for two extraordinary solar events from Solar Cycle 23: the Bastille Day event (July 14, 2000) and the Halloween event (October/November 2003). Distinct differences are noted in the ionospheric depths of penetration for X-radiation and solar protons with correspondingly distinct signs of the frequency response. The preferential impact of the protons in the magnetically unshielded polar regions leads to a marked anisotropic frequency response in the two magnetic field components. The general immunity of SR amplitudes to these extreme external perturbations serves to remind us that the amplitude parameter is largely controlled by lightning activity within the Earth–ionosphere cavity.

ISSN

0169-3298

Publisher

Springer Netherlands

Volume

37

Issue

4

First Page

757

Last Page

789

Disciplines

Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Keywords

Characteristic ionospheric heights, Earth–ionosphere cavity, Schumann resonances, Solar proton, Solar X-ray

Scopus ID

84961615331

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

yes

Open Access Type

Green: A manuscript of this publication is openly available in a repository

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