Title

A meta-analysis of sleep and work performance: An examination of moderators and mediators

ORCID Identifiers

0000-0002-3361-168X

Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Journal of Organizational Behavior

Publication Date

1-1-2021

Abstract

© 2020 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. The present study utilizes meta-analytic techniques to examine the literature on sleep and work performance. In line with previous meta-analytic research, results indicate that sleep and work performance have a positive relationship. However, more importantly, results from moderator analyses reveal that the type of sleep measurement (sleep quantity and sleep quality), work performance measurement (task performance, organizational citizenship behavior, and counterproductive work behavior), analysis method (between-person and within-person), sleep report source (self-report, other report, and objective), sleep recall window (day, week/month, and more than 1 month), and study setting (field and laboratory) differentially influence the strength of the sleep–work performance relationship. Furthermore, meta-analytic SEM results indicate that certain mediators (affect, job attitudes, and cognitive resources) provide stronger explanations (i.e., stronger indirect effects) for the relationship between sleep and work performance, depending on the specific type of performance being examined. In general, results highlight the importance of construct operationalization and methodology decisions when conducting sleep–work performance research and provide greater insight into explanations for the relationship between sleep and work performance. Research implications, practical implications, potential limitations, and future directions are also discussed.

ISSN

0894-3796

Publisher

Wiley

Volume

42

Issue

1

First Page

1

Last Page

19

Disciplines

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Keywords

meta-analysis, performance, sleep, work

Scopus ID

85096645730

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

no

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