Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Source of Publication

MATEC Web of Conferences

Publication Date

8-9-2017

Abstract

© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017. High-level radioactive waste (HLW) results from spent reactor fuel and reprocessed nuclear material. Since 1957 the scientific consensus is that deep geologic disposal constitutes the safest means for isolating HLW for long timescales. Nuclear power is becoming significant for the Arab Gulf countries as a way to diversify energy sources and drive economic developments. Hence, it is of interest to the UAE to examine the geologic environments currently considered internationally to guide site selection. Sweden and Finland are proceeding with deep underground repositories mined in bedrock at depths of 500m, and 400m, respectively. Equally, Canada's proposals are deep burial in the plutonic rock masses of the Canadian Shield. Denmark and Switzerland are considering disposal of their relative small quantities of HLW into crystalline basement rocks through boreholes at depths of 5,000m. In USA, the potential repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada lies at a depth of 300m in unsaturated layers of welded volcanic tuffs. Disposal of low and intermediate-level radioactive wastes, as well as the German HLW repository favour structurally-sound layered salt stata and domes. Our article provides a comprehensive review of the current concepts regarding HLW disposal together with some preliminary analysis of potentially appropriate geologic environments in the UAE.

ISSN

2261-236X

Publisher

EDP Sciences

Volume

120

First Page

6003

Disciplines

Business | Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Keywords

Crystalline rocks; Geological repositories; Nuclear fuel reprocessing; Nuclear fuels; Radioactive materials; Radioactive wastes; Radioactivity; Site selection; Sustainable development; Waste disposal; Crystalline basement; Economic development; Geologic environment; High level radioactive wastes; Nuclear waste repositories; Preliminary analysis; Underground repositories; Yucca Mountain, Nevada; Radioactive waste disposal

Scopus ID

85028048336

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

yes

Open Access Type

Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series

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