Author First name, Last name, Institution

W. Ejaz
M. Naeem
S. K. Sharma
A. M. Khattak
M. R. Ramzan
A. Ali
A. Anpalagan

Document Type


Source of Publication

IEEE Sensors Journal

Publication Date



Internet of vehicles (IoV) is an emerging paradigm to exchange and analyze information collected from sensors using wireless technologies between vehicles and people, vehicles and infrastructure, and vehicles-to-vehicles. With the recent increase in the number of electric vehicles (EVs), the seamless integration of IoV in EVs and charging infrastructure can offer environmentally sustainable and budget-friendly transportation. In this paper, we propose an IoV-based framework that consists of deployment and scheduling of a mobile charging infrastructure. For the deployment, we formulate an optimization problem to minimize the total cost of mobile charging infrastructure placement while considering constraints on the number of EVs that can be charged simultaneously. The formulated problem is mixed-integer programming and solved by using the branch and bound algorithm. We then propose an IoV-based scheduling scheme for EVs charging to minimize travel distance and charging costs while satisfying the constraints of charging time requirement of EVs and resources of a charging station. We consider passive road sensors and traffic sensors in the proposed IoV-based scheduling scheme to enable EV users for finding a charging station that can fulfill their requirements, as well as to enable service providers to know about the demand in the area. Simulation results illustrate the significant impact of the optimal deployment of charging infrastructure and scheduling optimization on the efficiency of EVs charging.




Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)




Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.

Indexed in Scopus


Open Access


Open Access Type

Green: A manuscript of this publication is openly available in a repository