Title

Lifestyle modification in long-term management of Chronic diseases

Author First name, Last name, Institution

Haleama Al Sabbah, Zayed University

Document Type

Book Chapter

Source of Publication

Bioactive Components, Diet and Medical Treatment in Cancer Prevention

Publication Date

4-6-2018

Abstract

Nowadays, unfortunately, obesity has been viewed as a cosmetic issue rather than a chronic disease; furthermore, health insurance systems do not include the costs of obesity treatment except if it is associated with a chronic disease such as hypertension and diabetes [1]. Obesity could be defined as an excess amount of energy intake and fat storage through overnutrition and adopting sedentary lifestyle [2, 3]. It can be caused by a combination of several factors including cultural and environmental factors, such as elevated energy diet, low levels of physical activity, eating disorders, and increased portion size. These factors can cause a fundamental change in the structure of adipose tissue leading to “hypertrophy and hyperplasia of adipocytes, inflammation” as well as it causes a change in the secretion of adipokines, which is a biologically active protein that can cause severe impact on the metabolism of glucose and lipids [3, 4]. A study found in UAE indicated that factors that may attribute to low levels of activities are mainly due to the hot climate that can reach up to 45° C in the summer, in addition to the cultural norms that can restrict female outdoor physical activities [5].

ISBN

9783319756936

Publisher

Springer International Publishing

First Page

139

Last Page

147

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences

Scopus ID

85060371569

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

no

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