Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

International Journal of Instruction

Publication Date

1-1-2020

Abstract

© 2020, Eskisehir Osmangazi University. In this study, we examined monitoring accuracy during in class-exams for Emirati, American and Cypriot college students. In experiment 1, 120 students made local, confidence-ratings for each multiple-choice question in a psychology exam and also estimated their performance at the end of the exam. In experiment 2, to investigate the effect of practice in monitoring accuracy, 69 students made confidence judgments in two consecutive exams. In Experiment 3, to evaluate whether rating one's confidence aids exam performance, 172 students completed the exam either with or without providing confidence judgments. In all three cultures, confidence judgments were accurate indicators of performance, but there were significant cross-cultural differences that probably arose from regional educational practices. Additionally, global judgments were subjected to bias. Whereas American students overestimated their performance, Emiratis underestimated it. Practice alone with confidence judgments did little to improve monitoring accuracy. But there was a significant benefit for students who rated their confidence compared to those that did not. The results are discussed in light of the literature on metacognitive accuracy.

ISSN

1694-609X

Publisher

Eskisehir Osmangazi University

Volume

13

Issue

1

First Page

407

Last Page

424

Disciplines

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Keywords

Cross-cultural study, Local and global judgments of confidence, Metacognition, Monitoring accuracy, Testing

Scopus ID

85077292114

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

yes

Open Access Type

Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series

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