ORCID Identifiers

0000-0003-0140-2661

Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Publication Date

3-1-2020

Abstract

© 2019, The Author(s). In this study, Moringa seed powder (MSP) was pyrolyzed at 450 °C to synthesize Moringa seed powder biochar (MSPB) and treated with phosphoric acid (H3PO4) to synthesize phosphate-modified Moringa seed powder biochar (MSPB-HPO) as an adsorbent for the removal of diclofenac (Dfc) from aqueous solution. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and pH point of zero charge (pHpzc) were conducted to give more insight into the adsorbent’s properties. The SEM analysis showed the transformations in the surface morphology from the parent material to the synthesized materials after the thermal and acid treatment. EDS analysis revealed the variation in the elemental composition of the materials prior to and after adsorption of Dfc ions. The FTIR analysis showed changes and peak intensities of functional groups involved in Dfc removal. The pHpzc showed the charge carried by MSPB-HPO in different pH conditions. Isotherm data best matched the Sips model, and the pseudo-second-order model best described the adsorption kinetics. The maximum adsorption capacity of MSPB-HPO by Sips model was found to be 100.876 mg g−1.

ISSN

0944-1344

Publisher

Springer

Volume

27

Issue

7

First Page

7318

Last Page

7327

Disciplines

Life Sciences

Keywords

Adsorption, Biochar, Diclofenac, Moringa oleifera seed powder, Phosphate modification

Scopus ID

85077048510

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

yes

Open Access Type

Hybrid: This publication is openly available in a subscription-based journal/series

Included in

Life Sciences Commons

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