Title

More Than a Criminal Tool: The Hawala System's Role As A Critical Remittance Channel for Low-Income Pakistani Migrants in Dubai

Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Remittances Review

Publication Date

10-31-2017

Abstract

This paper examines how and why migrants remit through unauthorized remittance channels (namely the hawala or hundi) and investigates the hawala's developmental roles and effects on migrants' socioeconomic status. Applying a qualitative case study of 30 low-income Pakistani migrants in Dubai, we argue that the thriving yet unauthorized status of the hawala system is a unique product of global migration process. In contrast to the dominant literature on the nexus between the hawala and terrorist and criminal-related financing, we assert that the sustainability of the hawala is the result of an ongoing effort of low-income migrants to increase their remitting power, providing money that is crucial to their families' socioeconomic status within the con-text of rapidly globalizing forces. This study provides both important empirical and theoretical insights into the hawala's complex relevance for low-income migrants, governments, and international organizations in global migration context.

ISSN

2059-6588

Publisher

Transnational Press London

Volume

2

First Page

63

Last Page

88

Disciplines

Business

Indexed in Scopus

no

Open Access

yes

Open Access Type

Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series

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