Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Source of Publication

MATEC Web of Conferences

Publication Date



© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017. The Arabian Gulf environment has an adverse impact on concrete structures because of the high ambient temperature, humidity, salt contaminated dust, sea water and underground salts. As an innovative solution, reinforced modified sulfur concrete (MSC) pipes are recognized as a durable and economical solution for deterioration of pipelines. This work describes the manufacture and characterization of new MSC based on a cost effective sulfur modification process. Bitumen, a by-product from crude oil refining process was used to modify elemental sulfur and enhance its physical, mechanical properties, and mostly to increase its corrosive resistivity. The study has focused on optimizing the proportions of an offered MSC mixes that are composed of modified sulfur (MS) as a binder, crushed sand, dune sand and ladle furnace (LF) slag as aggregates, and ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGFBS) as a filler. To maximize the physical and mechanical properties of MSC sewer pipes, different mixtures were prepared and investigated. The optimum mix of MSC has a maximum compressive strength of 64 MPa, maximum splitting tensile strength of 4.5 MPa, maximum flexural strength of 21 MP, with a high corrosion resistance in acidic and salty environments.




EDP Sciences



First Page



Life Sciences


Blast furnaces, Byproducts, Characterization, Compressive strength, Concretes, Corrosion resistance, Crude oil, Mechanical properties, Seawater, Sewers, Slags, Sulfur, Sustainable development, Tensile strength, Crude oil refining, Ground granulated blast furnace slag, Innovative solutions, Maximum compressive strengths, Physical and mechanical properties, Salty environments, Splitting tensile strength, Sulfur modifications, Cost effectiveness

Scopus ID


Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Indexed in Scopus


Open Access


Open Access Type

Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series

Included in

Life Sciences Commons