Title

The Prospective Association Between Electronic Device Use Before Bedtime and Academic Attainment in Adolescents

ORCID Identifiers

0000-0001-8314-1500

Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Journal of Adolescent Health

Publication Date

10-1-2018

Abstract

© 2018 Elsevier Ltd Purpose: To examine longitudinal associations between five commonly used technology devices prior to bedtime and real-life academic outcomes in adolescents. Methods: A total of 853 adolescents were recruited to a three-year prospective cohort study, with annual assessments. Academic grades/levels for three core subjects (English, Mathematics, and Science) were extracted from school records, and standardized (z-scores) were derived at the end of each academic year. A validated questionnaire was used to determine the frequency of using five types of technology (television viewing, video gaming, mobile telephone use, listening to music, and social networking) before bedtime. Results: After adjustment, English attainment was the subject most affected by prebedtime technology use, where three of five technologies assessed were negatively and prospectively associated (social networking [β = −.07 and p =.024], video gaming [β = −.10 and p =.008], and mobile telephone [β = −.07 and p=.017]). Social networking (β = −.07and p =.042), television viewing (β = −.08 and p =.044), and mobile telephones (β = −.07 and p =.031) were associated with significant impairment in English for girls whereas attainment in boys was most impaired by video gaming (β = −.12 and p =.014). Conclusions: The use of electronic devices by adolescents before bedtime may reduce their academic attainment, but apart from video gaming for boys, the negative impact of near bedtime technology use on academic performance is small.

ISSN

1054-139X

Publisher

Elsevier USA

Volume

63

Issue

4

First Page

451

Last Page

458

Disciplines

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Keywords

Academic performance, Adolescents, Gender, Social networking, Technology

Scopus ID

85054077528

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

no

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