Title

The failure of agricultural-based economic development in Thailand’s far south and the impact on the insurgency

Author First name, Last name, Institution

Ornanong Husna Benbourenane, Zayed University

Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Contemporary Southeast Asia

Publication Date

4-1-2021

Abstract

This article traces Thailand’s economic development policies in Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat, with a specific focus on agricultural development since the resurgence of ethnic conflict in the Far South in 2004. It discusses how successive Thai governments have attempted to use economic development to win the “hearts and minds” of the region’s Malay-Muslim population. As the agricultural sector provides the main source of income for more than 50 per cent of the Far South’s population, this articles offers a closer look at the interaction between agricultural policy, income distribution and the ongoing conflict. It highlights the impact of the government’s agricultural policy and the violent unrest on the region’s economic development between 2004 and 2020. It discusses the manner in which the three Far South provinces have slipped into poverty and the impact this has had on the separatist insurgency. Due to weak economic development and little prospect of a political solution to the ethnic conflict, this article concludes that prospects for peace and prosperity in the Far South remain bleak.

ISSN

0129-797X

Volume

43

First Page

90

Last Page

124

Disciplines

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Keywords

Agricultural development, Economy, Ethnic conflict, Far South, Thailand

Scopus ID

85110529181

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

no

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