Investigating the role of functional polymorphism of maternal and neonatal vitamin D binding protein in the context of 25‐hydroxyvitamin D cutoffs as determinants of maternal‐neonatal vitamin D status profiles in a sunny mediterranean region
Source of Publication
Recent results indicate that dysregulation of vitamin D‐binding protein (VDBP) could be involved in the development of hypovitaminosis D, and it comprises a risk factor for adverse fetal, maternal and neonatal outcomes. Until recently, there was a paucity of results regarding the effect of maternal and neonatal VDBP polymorphisms on vitamin D status during pregnancy in the Mediterranean region, with a high prevalence of hypovitaminosis D. We aimed to evaluate the combined effect of maternal and neonatal VDBP polymorphisms and different maternal and neonatal 25‐hy-droxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) cut‐offs on maternal and neonatal vitamin D profile. Blood samples were obtained from a cohort of 66 mother–child pairs at birth. Our results revealed that: (i) Maternal VDBP polymorphisms do not affect neonatal vitamin D status at birth, in any given internationally adopted maternal or neonatal cut‐off for 25(OH)D concentrations; (ii) neonatal VDBP polymor-phisms are not implicated in the regulation of neonatal vitamin D status at birth; (iii) comparing the distributions of maternal VDBP polymorphisms and maternal 25(OH)D concentrations, with cutoffs at birth, revealed that mothers with a CC genotype for rs2298850 and a CC genotype for rs4588 tended to demonstrate higher 25(OH)D (≥75 nmol/L) during delivery (p = 0.05 and p = 0.04, respec-tively), after adjustments for biofactors that affect vitamin D equilibrium, including UVB, BMI and weeks of gestation. In conclusion, this study from Southern Europe indicates that maternal and neonatal VDBP polymorphisms do not affect neonatal vitamin D status at birth, whereas mothers with CC genotype for rs2298850 and CC genotype for rs4588 demonstrate higher 25(OH)D concen-trations. Future larger studies are required to establish a causative effect of these specific polymor-phisms in the attainment of an adequate (≥75 nmol/L) maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy.
Medicine and Health Sciences
Functional polymorphism, Neonatal health, Pregnancy, Vitamin D
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Karras, Spyridon N.; Dursun, Erdinç; Alaylıoğlu, Merve; Gezen‐ak, Duygu; Annweiler, Cedric; Anouti, Fatme Al; Fakhoury, Hana M.A.; Bais, Alkiviadis; and Kiortsis, Dimitrios, "Investigating the role of functional polymorphism of maternal and neonatal vitamin D binding protein in the context of 25‐hydroxyvitamin D cutoffs as determinants of maternal‐neonatal vitamin D status profiles in a sunny mediterranean region" (2021). All Works. 4476.
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Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series