Distinguishing between fake news and satire with transformers
Source of Publication
Expert Systems with Applications
Indiscriminate elimination of harmful fake news risks destroying satirical news, which can be benign or even beneficial, because both types of news share highly similar textual cues. In this work we applied a recent development in neural network architecture, transformers, to the task of separating satirical news from fake news. Transformers have hitherto not been applied to this specific problem. Our evaluation results on a publicly available and carefully curated dataset show that the performance from a classifier framework built around a DistilBERT architecture performed better than existing machine-learning approaches. Additional improvement over baseline DistilBERT was achieved through the use of non-standard tokenization schemes as well as varying the pre-training and text pre-processing strategies. The improvement over existing approaches stands at 0.0429 (5.2%) in F1 and 0.0522 (6.4%) in accuracy. Further evaluation on two additional datasets shows our framework's ability to generalize across datasets without diminished performance.
BERT, Classification, Deep learning, DistilBERT, Fake news, Sarcasm, Satire, Transformers
Low, Jwen Fai; Fung, Benjamin C.M.; Iqbal, Farkhund; and Huang, Shih Chia, "Distinguishing between fake news and satire with transformers" (2022). All Works. 4511.
Indexed in Scopus