A Dynamic Theory of Environmental Performance Management and Exploratory Evidence in Chinese Context

Author First name, Last name, Institution

Vipin Gupta, California State University
Yi Zhang, Zayed University

Document Type

Working Paper

Source of Publication

Jack H. Brown College, Center for Global Management, Working Paper 2017-1

Publication Date



Taking environment performance as an endogenous factor at the macro system level, we propose organizations as market system engage in a negotiated exchange with stakeholders as society system. We reframe micro system externalities as the choice for the central firms to trade their above-normal performance on technical dimension with below-normal performance on environment dimension. However, as the costs of this trade escalate or values evolve, they shift their priorities. We develop testable hypotheses from this dynamic theory, and show support using an exploratory dataset of managerial perceptions of environment performance from a survey in China of small and medium enterprises.




China, Environmental Performance, Operational Agility, Productivity Growth, Strategic Adaptability, Transformational Leadership

Indexed in Scopus


Open Access


Open Access Type

Bronze: This publication is openly available on the publisher’s website but without an open license