Document Type


Source of Publication

Applied Sciences (Switzerland)

Publication Date



Hypertension is a major cause of mortality of millions of people worldwide. Cerebral vascular changes are clinically observed to precede the onset of hypertension. The early detection and quantification of these cerebral changes would help greatly in the early prediction of the disease. Hence, preparing appropriate medical plans to avoid the disease and mitigate any adverse events. This study aims to investigate whether studying the cerebral changes in specific regions of human brains (specifically, the anterior, and the posterior compartments) separately, would increase the accuracy of hypertension prediction compared to studying the vascular changes occurring over the entire brain’s vasculature. This was achieved by proposing a computer-aided diagnosis system (CAD) to predict hypertension based on cerebral vascular changes that occur at the anterior compartment, the posterior compartment, and the whole brain separately, and comparing corresponding prediction accuracy. The proposed CAD system works in the following sequence: (1) an MRA dataset of 72 subjects was preprocessed to enhance MRA image quality, increase homogeneity, and remove noise artifacts. (2) each MRA scan was then segmented using an automatic adaptive local segmentation algorithm. (3) the segmented vascular tree was then processed to extract and quantify hypertension descriptive vascular features (blood vessels’ diameters and tortuosity indices) the change of which has been recorded over the time span of the 2-year study. (4) a classification module used these descriptive features along with corresponding differences in blood pressure readings for each subject, to analyze the accuracy of predicting hypertension by examining vascular changes in the anterior, the posterior, and the whole brain separately. Experimental results presented evidence that studying the vascular changes that take place in specific regions of the brain, specifically the anterior compartment reported promising accuracy percentages of up to 90%. However, studying the vascular changes occurring over the entire brain still achieve the best accuracy (of up to 100%) in hypertension prediction compared to studying specific compartments.










Computer Sciences


anterior, classification, hypertension, MRA, posterior, vascular

Scopus ID


Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Indexed in Scopus


Open Access


Open Access Type

Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series