Title

Comparison of Feedforward Perceptron Network with LSTM for Solar Cell Radiation Prediction

Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Applied Sciences (Switzerland)

Publication Date

5-1-2022

Abstract

Intermittency of electrical power in developing countries, as well as some European countries such as Turkey, can be eluded by taking advantage of solar energy. Correct prediction of solar radiation constitutes a very important step to take advantage of PV solar panels. We propose an experimental study to predict the amount of solar radiation using a classical artificial neural network (ANN) and deep learning methods. PV panel and solar radiation data were collected at Duzce University in Turkey. Moreover, we included meteorological data collected from the Meteorological Ministry of Turkey in Duzce. Data were collected on a daily basis with a 5-min interval. Data were cleaned and preprocessed to train long-short-term memory (LSTM) and ANN models to predict the solar radiation amount of one day ahead. Models were evaluated using coefficient of determination (R2), mean square error (MSE), root mean squared error (RMSE), mean absolute error (MAE), and mean biased error (MBE). LSTM outperformed ANN with R2, MSE, RMSE, MAE, and MBE of 0.93, 0.008, 0.089, 0.17, and 0.09, respectively. Moreover, we compared our results with two similar studies in the literature. The proposed study paves the way for utilizing renewable energy by leveraging the usage of PV panels.

ISSN

2076-3417

Volume

12

Issue

9

Disciplines

Computer Sciences

Keywords

artificial neural network, deep learning, LSTM, radiation prediction, renewable energy, solar energy

Scopus ID

85129861832

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

no

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