Author First name, Last name, Institution

Hajir Omara, University of Khartoum
Amal Elamin, Zayed University

Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health

Publication Date

6-1-2022

Abstract

Objectives Effective dental services must be based on reliable evidence of oral diseases status and treatment needs. The aim of this study was to assess oral health status and associated risk factors among adolescents attending high school in Khartoum, Sudan. Methods A school-based survey was conducted among 420 adolescents (13–18 years old). Participants completed a questionnaire about their socio-demographics and oral habits. They received clinical examination, assessing their oral health status using the World Health Organization (WHO) oral health survey for dentition and periodontal status; mean Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth (DMFT), and Community Periodontal Index (CPI). Results High dental caries prevalence of 91.1%, with mean DMFT of 3.3 (±1.8) and Significant Caries index (SIC) of 5.2 were found among the participants. Untreated decayed teeth dominated the DMFT scores (DT = 3.06 ± 1.7). The results of CPI depicted that 96% of participants had unhealthy periodontium, with majority of subjects (79.5%) having CPI maximum scores of 2. Increased age and being enrolled in a public school were the main risk factors associated with caries (p = 0.01). Increased CPI scores were found to be significantly higher among males (p = 0.006) and among public schools' attendees (p = 0.039). High maternal education was associated with participants’ healthier periodontium (p

ISSN

2213-3984

Publisher

Elsevier BV

First Page

101080

Last Page

101080

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences

Keywords

Oral health, Adolescents, DMFT, CPI, Sudan

Indexed in Scopus

no

Open Access

yes

Open Access Type

Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series

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