Title

Antimicrobial resistance and pathogenicity of Escherichia coli isolated from common dairy products in the Lebanon

Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

Publication Date

1-1-2009

Abstract

In a recent study, bacteria have been isolated from popular Lebanese dairy products, which had been collected in the Beqaa Valley, in north-eastern Lebanon. The foods investigated were two cheeses (shankleesh and baladi) and a dried fermented mixture of yogurt and wheat grains (kishk). Bacterial colonies on McConkey and sorbitol-McConkey agar that showed the morphology of Escherichia coli were biochemically tested and then classified, using PCR-based assays, into the various strains of pathogenic and non-pathogenic E. coli. Some of the confirmed E. coli isolates were proven to be pathogenic, including two identified as E. coli O157:H7. When the pathogenic isolates were tested for their susceptibility to 10 different antibiotics (all commonly used, by clinicians and veterinarians, for the treatment of infections with Gram-negative bacteria), each tested isolate was found to be highly resistant to at least one antibiotic. It therefore appears that, in Lebanon, some popular dairy products pose a public-health hazard, acting as vehicles for the transmission of drug-resistant pathogens. © The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine 2009.

ISSN

0003-4983

Publisher

Informa UK Limited

Volume

103

Issue

1

First Page

39

Last Page

52

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences

Keywords

agar, antibiotic agent, sorbitol, yoghurt, antibiotic resistance, antibiotic sensitivity, article, bacterial strain, bacterial virulence, bacterium colony, bacterium contamination, bacterium culture, bacterium isolate, cheese, dairy product, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli O157, food analysis, food contamination, Gram negative bacterium, health hazard, Lebanon, nonhuman, pathogenicity, public health problem, Animals, Anti-Bacterial Agents, Cattle, Colony Count, Microbial, Dairy Products, Dairying, Drug Resistance, Bacterial, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli O157, Humans, Lebanon, Microbial Sensitivity Tests, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Statistics as Topic, Bacteria (microorganisms), Escherichia coli, Negibacteria, Triticum aestivum

Scopus ID

58849086759

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

no

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