Title

Comparison of Reaction Time-based Collaborative Velocity Control and Intelligent Driver Model for Agent-based Simulation of Autonomous Car

Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Procedia Computer Science

Publication Date

1-1-2022

Abstract

Based on historical records, driving in hazardous weather conditions is one of the most serious causes that lead to fatal accidents on roads in general and in United Arab Emirates (UAE) highways in particular. One solution to improve road safety is to equip vehicles and infrastructure with connected and smart devices and convert them into autonomous vehicles. Before deploying a concrete solution to the field, it must be validated by simulation, and more specifically by agent-based simulation. In this paper, we propose to implement the Reaction Time-Based Collaborative Velocity Control (RT-CVC) model that was implemented in autonomous cars into an agent-based simulator. This model is compared to the Intelligent Driver Model (IDM), which is one of the standard longitudinal driving behaviors in simulation environments. The experimental results show that RT-CVC generates traffic flows with fewer vehicle collisions and shorter travel times. This positive analysis is balanced by the fact that RT-CVC is designed for autonomous cars, and IDM is designed to model human-drive decisions. Using RT-CVC for modeling a human driver may be counter productive in simulation experiments.

ISSN

1877-0509

Publisher

Elsevier BV

Volume

203

First Page

189

Last Page

196

Disciplines

Computer Sciences

Keywords

Driving model, Microsimulation, Agent-oriented model, Comparison

Indexed in Scopus

no

Open Access

yes

Open Access Type

Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series

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