Source of Publication
Frontiers in Endocrinology
Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are highly prevalent among several populations across the globe. Numerous studies have shown a significant correlation between body-mass-index (BMI) and Vitamin D status, however, some results differed according to ethnicity. Despite the abundance of sunshine throughout the year, vitamin D deficiency is prominent in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). In this study, we analyzed the UAE Healthy Future Study (UAEHFS) pilot data to investigate the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and % body fat (BF) composition as well as BMI. Data from a total of 399 Emirati men and women aged ≥ 18 years were analyzed. Serum 25(OH)D and standard measures of weight and height were included in the analyses. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as serum 25(OH)D concentration<20 ng/ml. Multivariate quantile regression models were performed to explore the relationship between serum 25(OH)D levels and % BF composition and BMI correspondingly. There were 281 (70.4%) males and 118 (29.6%) females included in this study. More than half of the study participants had vitamin D insufficiency (52.4%), and nearly a third had vitamin D deficiency (30.3%); while only 17.3% had optimal levels. A statistically significant negative association between serum 25(OH) D levels and % BF composition was observed at intermediate percentiles while a statistically significant negative association between serum 25(OH)D and BMI was only observed at the median (50th percentile). The study findings support the association between low serum 25(OH) D levels (low vitamin D status) and high % BF composition and high BMI among adult Emiratis. Further longitudinal data from the prospective UAEHFS could better elucidate the relationship between serum 25(OH) D levels, % BF composition, and BMI in the context of various health outcomes among this population.
Frontiers Media SA
Medicine and Health Sciences
Body fat, Vitamin D, Body mass index, Serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D, Quantile regression
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
AlAnouti, Fatme; Ahmad, Amar Sabri; Wareth, Laila Abdel; Dhaheri, Ayesha Al; Oulhaj, Abderrahim; Junaibi, Abdulla Al; Naeemi, Abdullah Al; Hamiz, Aisha Al; Hosani, Ayesha Al; Zaabi, Eiman Al; Mezhal, Fatima; Maskari, Fatma Al; Alsafar, Habiba; Yaaqoub, Jamila; Bastaki, Marina Al; Houqani, Mohammed Al; Oumeziane, Naima; Juber, Nirmin F.; Sherman, Scott; Shah, Syed M.; Alsharid, Teeb; Zaabi, Thekra Al; Loney, Tom; Mahmeed, Wael Al; Abdulle, Abdishakur; and Ali, Raghib, "Associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, body mass index and body fat composition among Emirati population: Results from the UAE healthy future study" (2022). All Works. 5407.
Indexed in Scopus
Open Access Type
Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series