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Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing

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Novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is a new strain of coronavirus, first identified in a cluster with pneumonia symptoms caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus. It is fast spreading all over the world. Most infected people will develop mild to moderate illness and recover without hospitalization. Currently, real-time quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (rqRT-PCR) is popular for coronavirus detection due to its high specificity, simple quantitative analysis, and higher sensitivity than conventional RT-PCR. Antigen tests are also commonly used. It is very essential for the automatic detection of COVID-19 from publicly available resources. Chest X-ray (CXR) images are used for the classification of COVID-19, normal, and viral pneumonia cases. The CXR images are divided into sub-blocks for finding out the discrete cosine transform (DCT) for every sub-block in this proposed method. In order to produce a compressed version for each CXR image, the DCT energy compaction capability is used. For each image, hardly few spectral DCT components are included as features. The dimension of the final feature vectors is reduced by scanning the compressed images using average pooling windows. In the 3-set classification, a multilayer artificial neural network is used. It is essential to triage non-COVID-19 patients with pneumonia to give out hospital resources efficiently. Higher size feature vectors are used for designing binary classification for COVID-19 and pneumonia. The proposed method achieved an average accuracy of 95% and 94% for the 3-set classification and binary classification, respectively. The proposed method achieves better accuracy than that of the recent state-of-the-art techniques. Also, the time required for the implementation is less.




Hindawi Limited



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Computer Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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Open Access


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Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series