Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences

Publication Date

3-22-2016

Abstract

AIM: The purpose of this study was to report obesity status and identify any dietary substances that may be related to obesity in healthy school children from Northern Greece. METHODS: Four hundred and twenty-five (n = 425) children were randomly selected to participate in the study. A 24-h recall of three days (two weekdays and one weekend day) was used to analyze the dietary data of the subjects. RESULTS: Out of 425 subjects, 146 (34.3%) of them were found to be overweight and obese. Energy, protein, carbohydrate and thiamin intake was statistically positively correlated with obesity while dietary iron intake was statistically negatively correlated with obesity. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the children with dietary iron deficiency were 1.128 (95% CI: 0.002, 0.161 P < 0.031) times more likely of being obese compared to the normal group after adjustment for energy intake. CONCLUSIONS: Although most of the dietary intakes of our subjects were adequate, special consideration should be given to energy, carbohydrate, protein, and sugar and iron intake especially and its relation to obesity. Furthermore, additional studies are required to investigate any possible relation of low dietary iron consumption and obesity.

ISSN

1857-9655

Publisher

Institute of Immunobiology and Human Genetics

Volume

4

Issue

2

First Page

194

Last Page

199

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences

Keywords

Article; body mass; caloric intake; carbohydrate intake; child; controlled study; dietary fiber; dietary intake; female; homeostasis; human; inflammation; iron deficiency; major clinical study; male; obesity; prevalence; protein intake; questionnaire; school child; vitamin intake

Scopus ID

85027403430

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

yes

Open Access Type

Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series

Share

COinS