Source of Publication
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, has forced all countries affected by it to introduce quarantine and isolation to prevent the spread of the virus, as well as masking and distancing. Not everyone is equally willing to follow the rules related to limit the extent of the coronavirus epidemic. This might be connected with personality traits, especially openness, positive attitude, and optimism. Materials and Methods: An online survey was created and completed by participants in April–May 2020. Self-assessment of personality traits and adherence to lockdown recommendations were assessed. A total of 7404 participants took part in the study, mainly from Poland (83.6%) and Italy (12.7%). Univariate and multivariate regression analysis was performed. Results: The participants were divided into groups depending on the degree of compliance with the lockdown rules. In the multivariate analysis, variables that increased the odds for stricter lockdown compliance were temporary work suspension OR 1.27 (95% CI 1.10–1.48), income level “we can’t handle this situation” OR 1.67 (95%CI 1.20–2.33), and junior high school education OR 1.68 (95% CI 1.13–2.50). Other significant factors included age and place of residence. Each point of self-assessed sociability OR 1.07 (95% CI 1.00–1.13) also increased the likelihood of adhering to lockdown rules. Conclusions: Taking the basic demographic characteristics as well as working and health environment conditions traits into account may be helpful when forecasting epidemiological compliance during a pandemic, as well as in other public health tasks. The key role of self-assessed personality traits was not confirmed in this study. Reliability of the results is limited by significant disproportions in the size of the study groups.
Medicine and Health Sciences
cultural differences, isolation, openness, optimism, pandemic, quarantine
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Rojek, Jakub Jan; Waszak, Przemysław; Bidzan-Bluma, Ilona; Sanewska, Aleksandra; Stępień, Joanna; Michalski, Tomasz; Lorettu, Liliana; Meloni, Roberta; Chu, Che Sheng; Abboud, Myriam; and Grabowski, Jakub, "Self-Assessed Personality Traits and Adherence to the COVID-19 Lockdown" (2023). All Works. 5587.
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Open Access Type
Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series