Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

International Journal of Biological Macromolecules

Publication Date

9-15-2019

Abstract

© 2019 Elsevier B.V. Magnetic chitosan (Chi@Fe3O4) nanocomposite was synthesized and modified with graphene oxide (Chi@Fe3O4GO) and the potential of both materials as adsorbents was assessed for the removal of chromium (Cr(VI)) from water. The physico-chemical characteristics of magnetic nanocomposites were studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET). The synthesized adsorbents exhibited varied Cr(VI) removal efficiency at solution pH 2. The reaction kinetics correlated well with the pseudo-second-order model. The maximum adsorption capacity was found to be 142.32 and 100.51 mg g−1 for Chi@Fe3O4 and Chi@Fe3O4GO, respectively. Analysis of thermodynamic parameters suggested that the reaction occurred spontaneously and was endothermic in nature. Reusability studies showed that the adsorbents can be reused for up to four cycles of regeneration. Fixed bed column experiments revealed that the adsorption performance of Chi@Fe3O4 was affected by the flow rate, adsorbent loading and influent metal ion concentration. The results suggest that the prepared adsorbents have the potential to be used in removing Cr(VI) ions from contaminated water.

ISSN

0141-8130

Publisher

Elsevier B.V.

Volume

137

First Page

948

Last Page

959

Disciplines

Life Sciences

Keywords

Chitosan, Cr(VI), Graphene oxide, Magnetic nanocomposite, Water treatment

Scopus ID

85068729723

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

yes

Open Access Type

Green: A manuscript of this publication is openly available in a repository

Included in

Life Sciences Commons

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